Endocrinology is the medical specialty that deals with the diagnostic evaluation of a variety of symptoms and the long-term management of deficiency/increase in hormones. Most of the endocrine disorders are chronic ailments that require life-long treatment. Diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism and metabolic syndrome are some of the chronic diseases that need understanding the patient at the personal, social and molecular levels. Endocrinology focuses on endocrine organs like thyroid, pancreas, ovaries that can cause hormonal imbalances. A proper chemical balance is required in the body for the glands and hormones to function normally; their dysfunction may lead to severe diseases.
Type II Diabetes being one of the major causes of premature death across the world goes unnoticed most of the time and is detected only after difficulties arise. In the absence of timely diagnosis and inadequate treatment, diabetes can increase exponentially.
Medical Conditions and Treatment:
Thyroid – The most common thyroid problems are: Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Goitre, Thyroid nodules, Thyroid cancer and Thyroiditis. While most of these can be cured by lifestyle and dietary changes and medication, the others might require radiation and surgery.
Pituitary Adenoma – A minimally invasive pituitary surgery allows the removal of tumours perfectly. It ensures faster recovery, no scarring and fewer complications.
Diabetes – Lifestyle and dietary changes, dosage of insulin, exercise are the first steps to curb diabetes. In the case of obesity, bariatric surgery might be required.